Trial and Error Theory:
This theory was developed by American psychologist” E.L. Thorndike”. His argument is that learning takes place through trial and error method. His defines ‘Learning is a gradual process where an individual makes many attempts to learn’. This theory states that when a learner is stated in a new situation, makes random movements to learn. Such movements result, successful movements to be selected replacing the unsuccessful one. Thus the essence of this theory is as Trial increases error decreases.
The experiment sums up the following stages:
5)Chance to be success
6)Selection of Proper movements