Insightful Theory of Learning
The insightful theory of learning was developed by “Wolfgang Kohler” and later originally used by Gestalt. This theory is about inside learning which occurs, when a new behavior is learned through cognitive process, rather than to interact with outside world. The psychologist used the term “Inside” to describe the perception of the whole situation by the learner and his intelligence in responding to the proper relationship. The experiment demonstrate the role of intelligence, and cognitive abilities in higher learning, such as; problem solving, decision making etc.
To prove Insightful Theory of Learning Wolfgang conducted an experiment called the “box-and-banana” problem on a chimp. At the first he trained 6 chimps by two ways;
1)Reach the suspended banana by using a stick
2)Reach the suspended banana by stacking boxes.
In such condition only one intelligence chimp “Sultan” became success to reach banana. As sultan jumped up, dragged the boxes and stick underneath the suspended banana. This experiment shows animals are also able to solve perceiving new objects in new form and relationship, as a mental process rather than a behavioral one(classical or operant conditioning).
The Insightful Theory of Learning depends upon the following factors;
v)Repetition & Generalization